Manchester Provincial Grand Orange Lodge

The Official Home of Manchester Province 

Manchester Provincial Grand Orange Lodge

The Loyal Orange Institution

The Loyal Orange Institution is a world-wide Protestant fraternity which exists for the establishment and preservation of Civil and Religious Liberty and the Protestant Religion. The Institution is named in glorious memory of King William III, Prince of Orange, who gave us civil and religious liberties, and the Constitutional Democracy that we in Britain enjoy to this day. William, Prince of Orange, became King William III during the Glorious Revolution which brought about an end to religious intolerance and violence throughout the country. This period changed the British society, brought about a reformed British constitution and ensured that citizen’s rights were firmly protected in Law. The Bill of Rights and the Act of Settlement are central pieces of legislation to this day.

 

The Institution stands firm on Biblical Principles in an age of secularism, when the Protestant culture and its traditions are continuously under threat. The Institution proudly supports the British Monarchy and wishes them continued success. Our staunch beliefs are based on the Reformation principles and the truths taught to us in the Holy Scriptures. The freedom of possessing an open Bible is important to Protestants and is regularly displayed on regalia and Lodge banners.

The Orange Institution carries out a wide range of charity fundraising work raising money for many a good cause. Lodges also carry out a range of activities locally, supporting community projects and local churches.

The work of the Orange Institution is carried on chiefly by means of Lodges, of which there are a considerable number throughout the country. It is into these Lodges that candidates are admitted by a simple Biblical Ceremony into membership of the Loyal Orange Institution.

 

The Institution brings together men and women of good character and will that are resolute, to use the legal means at their disposal to ensure that the hard won civil and religious liberties that we enjoy are maintained. We welcome new members who share the reformed faith, regardless of ethnicity or cultural background.

Orange Parades through towns and cities form a large part of the Institutions calendar. These public demonstrations are an open witness to our Faith. These marches are made up of Lodges, walking behind their Lodge Banner and marching bands that play traditional Orange songs, patriotic anthems and hymns. Manchester Provincial Grand Orange Lodge holds its annual parade through Manchester city centre in September and its annual Boyne celebrations take place in Southport on the 12th July.

 

It is sometimes claimed that the Orange Institution is bigoted, extremist and supremacist. These characteristics are however contrary to the principles that the Institution is built on. We are fundamentally a Christian organisation, with religious practice a cornerstone of our work and function. We extend warm kindness to members of all faiths and cultures and respect the dignity and rights of every individual. Furthermore as an association of those who are attached to the principles of the Reformation and will not admit its Brotherhood persons whom an intolerant spirit leads to persecute, injure or upbraid a man on account of his religious beliefs.

 

We hope that this website will further enlighten you, regarding the Orange Institution Manchester Provincial Grand Orange Lodge and our Protestant heritage. For further information regarding the Orange Order in England you can visit  the Grand Orange Lodge of England's website at www.gole.org.uk

 

History

In 1798, following civil unrest in Ireland, rebellion broke out. British Army units were dispatched to aid Protestant Yeomanry in the quelling of the uprising. In the ranks of the Yeomanry were many Orangemen, as they were loyal subjects to the crown. It was in these circumstances that English soldiers came into contact with Orange Lodges and soon began to join them. When the troops returned to England, the rebellion having been crushed, the troops continued to actively meet as Lodges. The 1st Regiment of Lancashire Militia met as Loyal Orange Lodge No.220 and the 2nd Battalion Manchester and Salford Volunteers met as Loyal Orange Lodge No.1128.
 
In Lancashire the Orange Lodges soon spread to other regiments in local towns such as Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Wigan and Rochdale. These Lodges functioned under the auspices of the Grand Orange Lodge of Ireland however following the July 12th celebrations in Manchester in 1807, there were violent exchanges with Irish Catholics and the Orangeman decided to set up a County Grand Lodge to solve the communication problems that occurred with Ireland.
 
In 1808 the Grand Orange Lodge of England was established. The heart of the Orange Institution in England continued to be the cotton towns of Lancashire, only shifting towards Liverpool towards the end of the 19th Century. The Orange Institution has continued to be present in Lancashire and further afield in Yorkshire, the Midlands, London and Wales.

The 12th July

On July 1st 1690, King William III fought at the Battle of the Boyne where he defeated the forces of King James II to secure the Glorious Revolution and the civil and religious liberties of this country. It was a key moment in the history of our country and one that needs to be remembered.
Although the Battle of the Boyne took place on July 1st, due to the adoption of the Gregorian calendar the battle now falls on July 11th. As the Battle of Aughrim fell on the July 12th it was viewed as a fitting date for the Boyne celebrations.
 
King William landed at Carrickfergus on June 14th from there he travelled to Belfast to rendezvous with his army. Once his army was amassed William decided to march south with the intention of taking Dublin. Meanwhile James moved his army north from Dublin to Dundalk. James soon withdrew from this position in the face of William’s army, stopping their withdrawal on the June 30th after crossing the River Boyne.
James’ army had the defensive advantage of the river which William’s soldiers would have to cross under fire if they wished to attack their foes. In the day that followed both armies exchanged artillery fire across the river. Having decided to attack William decided to review the crossing points himself. Having viewed the river, William then sat down to eat breakfast on the river bank. It was at this point that Irish sentries spotted him and fired two canons at him, one of which famously grazed his shoulder.
 
That evening William called a Council of War and made plain his desire for an attack the following morning. On the morning of July 1st the English army advanced in three sections. The first division advanced on Slane Bridge, a few miles upriver from where the armies were encamped. Here William’s troops met light resistance and quickly established a bridgehead on the southern bank of the river.
In the centre of the William’s forces were his Dutch Guards, French Huguenots, and Ulstermen. The Dutch Guards were the first troops to cross the river and met fierce resistance and Jacobite cavalry; the French and Irish forces crossed shortly after and stiffened the resistance. William led the left flank with a division made up of cavalry units.
 
William struggled to make the river crossing due to the strength of the tide on the river but was soon leading his Dutch and Protestant Irish troops against James’ unbroken lines. James ordered a retreat and his forces converged on the hill of Donore where they put up a last stand before fleeing south, their leader James was already miles ahead of them.
 
William took Dublin two days later and although fighting went on in Ireland for another year, James had already fled to France as an exile. William went on to legislate civil and religious rights into law in the Bill of Rights and guaranteed that the monarchy would continue to be Protestant with the Act of Succession.

The Qualifications of an Orangeman

An Orangeman should be a Protestant in reality and truth, not merely by profession or education; and should be distinguished by sincere love and veneration for his Almighty Creator, steadfast faith in the Saviour of the world, the only mediator between God and Men; humble reliance on the guidance and the purifying power of the Holy Spirit; and the constant practice of truth and justice, brotherly kindness and charity, loyalty and obedience to the laws. He should, moreover, be in conduct wise and prudent, honest and temperate; in disposition gentle and compassionate; in behaviour kind and courteous; cultivating the society of the good, and avoiding the society of the evil. He should honour and study the Holy Scriptures, making them the rule of his belief and life; uphold and defend, by all legitimate means, the Protestant Faith in Church and State; protest against and oppose the erroneous and dangerous doctrines and practices of the Church of Rome; and resist the power, ascendancy, encroachments and extension of that Church. He should also, by all lawful means, co-operate with true Protestants in preventing or removing in and from the Established and other Protestant Churches all changes, ceremonies, practices and ornaments savouring of or resembling the Church of Rome, or inconsistent with Reformation principles. He should oppose the ascendancy and oppressions of non-Christian religions and by prayer and witness seek to lead their members from spiritual darkness into the light of Christ. He should further, duly observe the Sabbath Day, and regularly attend public worship; and should by his general converse, indicate his veneration for the name of God, and abhorrence of profane and indecent language; in short, the glory of God, and love of man, the honour of his Protestant Sovereign, and the good of his country, should be the principles and motives of a true Orangeman’s life and actions.